At the beginning of the second half of the 20th century, the city received many new sleeping areas. They were planned to be practical, comfortable and ambitious. For some they built new avenues and down streets, for others not, although they had promised. Today we will go along the Novodmitrovsky highway, which was never built.
Today there will be many, mostly old cards, and there will be almost no retro photos. A small historical architectural background. Moscow already has exemplary sleeping areas at the beginning of the second half of the 20th century – Nowej Tscherjomuschki, Goljanowo, Sewernoje Ismailowo. After Stalin's death, the typical building will take on a completely different look, which will be firmly anchored in the thoughts of the Muscovites and negatively connoted. Khrushchevsky areas will sometimes grow faster than Stalinist sleeping bags. A typical home of the second half of the 20th century is the era of early reinforced concrete, the era of typical details. The Stachanowites were able to assemble the famous K-7 series house in five days, but it is not known how well the build quality was preserved. It is strange that only five-story houses are called Khrushchevs. Typical panel houses of the Khrushchev era were 6, 9 and 12 storeys. For me, they are Khrushchev, I grew up that way. Sweet, dear, but just a little, a little terrible Khrushchev. Well, back to our topic. It is easy to guess that the Novodmitrovskoye highway should become an understatement or a continuation of the usual Dmitrovskoye highway. The idea came at a time when Moscow was starting to build a new sleeping area – Beskudnikovo.
This is what the area looks like on the map today
The region stretches from south to north and has four axes. The main axis today is Dmitrovskoye Shosse (and part of the Korovinsky Shosse), the minor axis is Seligerskaya Street, the central axis is Beskudnikovsky Boulevard, the main axis is Dubninskaya Street. The district appeared on the site of two villages – Beskudnikovo and Upper Likhobory. These were small villages, they did not even have their own church, unlike, for example, the large neighboring village of Degunina.
The junction from Dmitrovka to the village and the course of the old street are held by the entrance to the supermarket and Yerevan
The next time you contact the store, you will know that you have transformed into the old village of Beskudnikovo
Construction of the Beskudnikovo district began in 1964. In its first phase, he built massive five- and twelve-story houses. Beskudnikovsky Boulevard was established two years later, and another year later, in 1967, the first features of Dubninskaya Street appeared, which then played the role of the region's eastern border and are still playing today.
This is 1966. Beskudnikovsky Boulevard is clearly visible in the picture, but Dubninskaya is still under construction. Seligerskaya will appear soon
In addition, it can already be seen that the new sleeping bag has an atypical structure. Unlike the same Izmailov or Lenin mountains, which were strictly divided into square and rectangular quarters, the base of Beskudnikov consists of three concentric arches. It is true that this was somehow bad.
If there are no questions about Seligerskaya and Boulevard, then Dubninskaya has no beginning and ends with a stump
The reason is simple. Designers and architects of that time ensured the comfort of a person of the future. In particular, they thought about what the new Muscovites would breathe, and they really didn't like Dmitrovskoye Shosse walking right through the sleeping bag, past the park and the cinema. So they decided to turn the Dmitrovskoye suburban street into a quarter passage and lay the main stream of the downhill street along the new highway – the Novodmitrovsky highway. Look to the right of Dubninskaya and the Savelovskaya Railway how much space.
Look to the right of Dubninskaya and the Savelovskaya Railway how much space I don't want to build)
So Dubninskaya hung up on these plans. Dubninskaya was assigned the role of a second cast, so the designers still couldn't decide whether to use curved sections like the neighboring streets or not. As luck would have it, the cemetery was on the right track.
This is how the trajectories should have looked. In this scenario Dubninskaya does not need its own entrance, the river will go on the Novodmitrovsky street. And it turned out that the congress was more difficult
It is now impossible to find the reasons why the construction of the new highway has been delayed, delayed and postponed. But in one way or another, it was impossible to postpone the construction of square meters for the recently expanded Moscow. So in the early 1970s, the entire section that was previously free for the construction of the highway was built with 9-story Khrushchevs east of Beskudnikov, and the area was Degunino.
This area was built up about 10 years later.
And here's an interesting detail again. If you take a closer look at the already built area, you will find that it was built, still thinking of a new highway.
In fairness, it should be noted that the piece of iron left enough space for a new road
The houses are at a considerable distance from the red line, about 80 meters. The width of the channel of the old Dmitrovka is almost 2 times larger. But we all know that this is enough to throw six lanes there with a hacker.
Here it is – the channel for the Novodmitrovsky highway
I agree, it doesn't look very convincing. But I'm sure it's not a high-speed road, but at least they kept a close eye on that channel being a wide road, or maybe they still do. Unfortunately I could not confirm all of the assumptions exactly. But the illogical moments of the city, and in particular the street layout that has survived to this day, at least suggest.
At first glance, the flowing curve of today's Dubninskaya Street is saved by an incomprehensible passage No. 6198 and its continuation in the hospital, which, as you can imagine, was built on the site of the old Beskudnikovsky cemetery. So) People used to say goodbye to people here, but today they meet
The red line across the street is still not set up
The houses in the entire Dubninskaya Street are about 80 meters apart
But the can is where. Dubninskaya Street started out of nowhere until the late 1990s. It had a dozen numbered houses, but no direct access to them. The marked intersection in the photo is the closest street point to these houses. It was not until the early 2000s that the street was completed and Dubninskaya began humanly from Dmitrovka
Well, I still can't help but share a few pictures with you
1971 year. Degunino is built
1975 year. View of Beskudnikovsky Boulevard from one of the three 12-story buildings near the Dmitrovsky Highway
1976 year. Dubninskaya street
You couldn't see this photo. Stylish guys, Skate, Nike and Beskudnikov look behind. 1985 year. I would really like to know that these people in the photo are fine
If you liked the article, I recommend you take a look at it: How and why they flooded the large Betonka construction site, why it is easier for the people in the Maryina grove
Author: Alexander Kapkov Editor: Evgenia Fomina