Bubble gum breaks ice and throws ice splashes into the air. If you look at everything from a distance, the plot looks like a fancy dance, just in the role of ordinary Renault cars rolling on ice. Here they eat sideways, slip into a bend, write out eight, make a police turn and run on the rink at a speed where the pilot needs full concentration and clear coordinated actions. They squeezed the accelerator too hard – flew off the track, turned the steering wheel – came to the side of the road, hesitated a bit while braking, and greeted someone else's bumper.
As with any training we change from simple to complex. First, you need to understand how the car behaves on ice, how it accelerates, and, most importantly, how it slows down. At the same time you can practice braking – a quick and clear transmission of your legs from gas to brakes and brakes for the ABS to work. The task is to estimate the braking distance correctly and calculate the braking point so that the car stops in front of a spontaneous wall. Another conversation: Two cars start with a difference of a few seconds, first the second car should keep the same speed as the first one (keep distance), and then suddenly the first is braked on the ground and the task of the second one is not to get to his bumper. Very invigorating. Despite the fact that the races take place on parallel trajectories.
We have an updated range of Renault Koleos, Kaptur and Duster. For all, the ESP system is forcibly disabled so that the driver can fully control the car and understand what is happening.
For four-wheel drive vehicles, the distribution of the axles is 40:60. On a slippery road, they behave closer to the front wheel drive. In any case, it is important to understand how the torque is distributed right in your car, and at what point automation can force the connection of the four-wheel drive and how the distribution is there. T..e. The best way to train is to work on your car, as the location of the center of gravity can also play a role here.
We enjoy the new Michelin X-ICE North 4 tires, 250 spikes, a fashionable tread pattern with 22 longitudinal and 22 transverse lines, whatever that means. But the tires work flawlessly and behave very predictably despite adverse circumstances
The weather brings surprises and where a few days ago was smooth ice, water puddles ankle deep. The ice is still hard ice, so the instruction "The machine is drowning slowly, trying not to open the door, out the window" remains a theory. And we make our way to the ice of Lake Ladoga, where the cones have already been carefully placed.
The relatively large Koleos convinced with its huge touch screen display and the camera fits perfectly into the cup holders. Despite its not very "racing" appearance, the car clearly obeys the steering wheel and turns clearly, as far as possible on ice.
Somewhat more complicated – eights, circles and bagels that need to be driven as efficiently as possible. There is a demolition, but there is a drift. Demolition – This is when the front wheels drop in slippage and the car begins to turn around the tail. This is bad because the car actually loses control – there is no liability on the road, the car does not respond to the steering wheel. Hurling is when the butt tries to overtake in front and turns the car around the front axle. The carriage can be controlled and used, for example, to reduce the turning radius and the speed of its passage.
Clearly calculate the trajectory, choose the right place to brake, slow down to the desired speed, turn the steering wheel completely and accelerate. Now the car is slipping – the rear wheels seem to "spin" the car into a curve. Did you notice that there are many unknown persons in my description? Which place is right? And how should the speed be? And how much can you slow down? There is no universal answer – you choose all these parameters based on your experience, your car and the road conditions. And remember – the speed must be such that you can leave the curve.
For example, my brain is categorically opposed to specifically causing slippage. Why, when the car is quiet and tidy and so on? But to understand what can happen in a real situation on a slippery road, you have to train. Therefore, accelerate, brakes, side steering wheel, sharp gas, cornering, gentle straightening of the steering, stabilizing and gently accelerating on straight wheels to the next section with skittles. Repeat until you are completely satisfied. Another difficulty is not to look where the car is going, but where to go. T..e. If you feel like skidding on the road, do not look at the roadside in horror, but turn your head to the road. So it is with these exercises – sometimes you have to look through the side window. But that's how the brain works in conjunction with the hands. Do you remember when we were cycling in our childhood and trying to spontaneously turn the steering wheel with our hands? The same reflex works here. Therefore, we do not slow down (literally) when we skid and look at the point where we want to be (assuming we're on the road and on the lane).
A rhythmic drift is another annoyance that can occur on a slippery road. If the car starts to turn in one direction, try to catch it, but due to wrong actions it will "wobble" in the other direction and so on. It is believed that the third "whip" can not be caught (but it happens in different ways) because the car simply resonates. That's why we train to shift the car quickly and rhythmically from one skid to another. It turns out that the skills developed have proven themselves in a really critical situation.
However, it is much more interesting to review all the insights gained on a real track. The organizers blocked a section of the road in the woods with interesting turns and a relief along which rally races take place. In order to create the right environment, a navigator with a transcript and a racing helmet are needed. The helmet is hot and uncomfortable so I want to drive the track as fast as possible (the secret of famous racers is revealed!). But there is already a real roadside and real Christmas trees, so I listen closely to navigating the navigator – 300 left 4, which means that after 300 meters, a left turn of 50 degrees takes place.
In addition to the space in the trees and at the roadside there is a cleared rally track on the ice. The cars are already equipped with Master Sport KX46 tires with 2mm rally training spikes. Speed, adrenaline, precisely calculated turns and controlled drifts – this is where the utilitarian Duster, who is a leader in his class, suddenly turns into a race car and drives clearly in turns. Why not
Duster has been updated a bit this year. He received a new steering wheel, a new plate design, a Media Nav 4.0 multimedia system with support for Apple Carplay and Android Auto, a Radio Connect audio system with support for the R & Go application. With a mobile application, you can now find a car, get more information from the on-board computer, and train economical driving.
First, we drive through a few study circles to study the bundles of curves and calmly choose the optimal trajectory. That's why it's fast – the skills developed on the "platform" come into play here – clear and fast braking, the right choice of entry point into the curve and the passage of the curve in a slide. It will slow down on the straight to the desired speed, clearly enter the curve and get off with a set of gas. Theoretically, it sounds very confusing and incomprehensible (I tried to read and write some articles), but after 10 hours of training, you start to feel and understand something by car. It goes without saying that you need to top up with petrol to "turn around" the car and exit the car effectively. Remember that there are no sharp maneuvers in the bend – we hold the steering wheel in a long curve and try to remember where the front wheels are pointing. If you look to the exit of the curve, everything goes according to plan.
For those who thought it would not be enough for the races to repeat themselves during the day at night – the ice rink and the winding track in the headlights look completely different. Yeah, and taking turns with a skid in the dark is not that scary, or am I just maybe used to that? By the way, navigation navigator really helps at night, 300 right 5 and now you are ready to enter the right turn 90 degrees although it is not yet visible.
Well, if you have made a mistake somewhere and landed without communication in a dense forest, but with a car, you can try to survive. Fry the scrambled eggs in the room, make a fire with a flint … do not you have a flint? Then use a car battery (do not forget to disconnect it from the electrical system), filter the water with moss and coal from the fire and build a shelter from the snow.
The chances of survival increase if you have cotton wool, a rope, a compass, a shovel and torches in the trunk. Usually I also have a pot of canned food and a gas burner.
And take a break break through the snow and forest into civilization, to the people. Fortunately, Duster hurries away, making it scary. I would have thought to FJ several times if it would be worth going there or not, and Duster simply has no options on a hike. No step back and clutching the steering wheel and pressing the accelerator pedal, we break along the snow tracks. Entertainment once again confirms that Duster is still an SUV in the truest sense of the word.
For those who have read up to this place, a small bonus and some tips that will hopefully help on a slippery road: – Understand clearly which surface is under the wheels and how the car behaves – ice, gravel, wet asphalt speed of movement. This does not mean that you have to pull like a turtle and set an obstacle to other participants in the movement. The speed should be such that you can completely control the traffic situation. In winter driving or bad weather – check "by far". – In any case, no sudden movements. Sharp start of a traffic light on a slippery road slipped. They turned the steering wheel too hard to bypass the pit – they ended up in a ditch. A smooth start, a gentle speed set without slipping – Only brake on straight wheels. Before the turn. Sharp braking with turned wheels and overtaking the front end of the car at the rear – If the car skids, brake operation is useless and even harmful – the wheels jam, the car slips and is completely uncontrollable. And that's the hardest part. Because it contradicts instincts. – Another moment that contradicts instincts is that when a car blows out in a curve, you unconsciously want to turn the steering wheel in the turn. And you can not – we hold the steering wheel firmly, do not press the gas and gently align the steering wheel at the corner exit, with the gas gradually increasing. "The front wheels should always be turned in their direction of travel, it does not matter where the rear wheels slide." It is important to understand in which direction they point front wheels, no matter which direction the car is moving. Because one of the most common mistakes when trying to get out of a chute is that the steering angle is too large, which makes the car simply move it from one chute to the next. Again, this is a bit complicated as the brain sees the car moving in the wrong direction and I want to do more to stabilize it.
Theoretical advice is good only on paper, instincts are involved in extreme situations. Therefore, it is very important to exercise. Better with a competent instructor, but you can also be in a big slippery clearing on your car.
Many thanks to Renault for the invitation to this event. By the way, they want to make such a driving school a privilege not only for journalists and bloggers, but for all users of the brand.